Periodontal disease (gum disease) is an infection of the gums and can affect the bone structure that supports your teeth. In severe cases, it can make your teeth fall out. Smoking is an important cause of severe gum disease in the United States.
Gum disease starts with bacteria (germs) on your teeth that get under your gums. If the germs stay on your teeth for too long, layers of plaque (film) and tartar (hardened plaque) develop. This buildup leads to early gum disease, called gingivitis.
When gum disease gets worse, your gums can pull away from your teeth and form spaces that get infected. This is severe gum disease, also called periodontitis. The bone and tissue that hold your teeth in place can break down, and your teeth may loosen and need to be pulled out.
*How Can Gum Disease Be Prevented?
You can help avoid gum disease with good dental habits.
- Brush your teeth twice a day.
- Floss often to remove plaque.
- See a dentist regularly for checkups and professional cleanings.
- Don't smoke. If you smoke, quit.
Taking kids to the dentist is necessary to keep their teeth healthy and promote excellent oral hygiene habits. When preparing for a visit try not to include too many details. Doing so will raise more questions, and adding more information about an extra treatment, like a filling, may cause unnecessary anxiety. Don't use the 'S' (shot),'H' (hurt) or 'P' (pain) words with children. The doctors, hygienists & assistants will use their own vocabulary to help kids understand what's going on. It is normal and age-appropriate for a young child to cry, whine, wiggle, and not want to be examined by a stranger. Stay calm and remember that the dentist and staff are used to working with children and have seen their share of tantrums.
Now more than ever, it’s important to eat a well balanced diet. That’s because what you eat during your pregnancy affects the development of your baby, including the teeth. A baby’s teeth begin to develop between the third and sixth months of the pregnancy.
What to Eat
If your gums bleed, it's important to get it under control. Though it might be due to a simple reason, like using a toothbrush that's too hard, there's more to it than that sometimes. Research suggests that periodontal disease, which may be the reason for your bleeding gums, is linked to conditions like heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and premature birth.
Have You Changed Your Flossing Habits?
Your Toothbrush Is Too Rough
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